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write a paragraph
  #1  
قدیمی 23/01/2011
آواتار nasrin1368
nasrin1368 nasrin1368 آفلاین است
مدیر ارشد بازنشسته تالار پزشکی و سلامت

مدیر ارشد ماه مدیر ارشد ماه 

 

نام: nasrin
جنسيت: زن
شغل: مترجم
محل سکونت: تهران
مدرک تحصيلی: کارشناسی ارشد مترجمی زبان ا
پست: 3,331
سپاس: 1,415
از این کاربر 1,287 بار در 1,041 پست سپاسگزاری شده
اعتراض ها: 1
به این کاربر 2 بار در 2 پست اعتراض شده
چوب: 123,222
write a paragraph

Topic Sentence



What is the topic sentence?
The topic sentence is the first sentence in a paragraph.

What does it do?
It introduces the main idea of the paragraph.
How do I write one?
Summarize the main idea of your paragraph. Indicate to the reader what your paragraph will be about.
Example:
There are three reasons why Canada is one of the best countries in the world. First, Canada has an excellent health care system. All Canadians have access to medical services at a reasonable price. Second, Canada has a high standard of education. Students are taught by well-trained teachers and are encouraged to continue studying at university. Finally, Canada's cities are clean and efficiently managed. Canadian cities have many parks and lots of space for people to live. As a result, Canada is a desirable place to live
__________________
خدايا
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من چون تويي دارم وتو چون خودي نداري
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نجف دریابندری نویسنده و اثرش nasrin1368 0 1512 26/06/2013 14:24
محمود اعتمادزاده( به اذین) نویسنده و اثرش nasrin1368 0 1303 24/06/2013 15:18
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چطور بفهمیم عاشقیم یا وابسته ؟ دانستنیهای پیش از ازدواج nasrin1368 2 947 23/06/2013 10:13


  #2  
قدیمی 23/01/2011
آواتار nasrin1368
nasrin1368 nasrin1368 آفلاین است
مدیر ارشد بازنشسته تالار پزشکی و سلامت

مدیر ارشد ماه مدیر ارشد ماه 

 

نام: nasrin
جنسيت: زن
شغل: مترجم
محل سکونت: تهران
مدرک تحصيلی: کارشناسی ارشد مترجمی زبان ا
پست: 3,331
سپاس: 1,415
از این کاربر 1,287 بار در 1,041 پست سپاسگزاری شده
اعتراض ها: 1
به این کاربر 2 بار در 2 پست اعتراض شده
چوب: 123,222
What are supporting sentences?
They come after the topic sentence, making up the body of a paragraph.

What do they do?
They give details to develop and support the main idea of the paragraph.
How do I write them?
You should give supporting facts, details, and examples.
Example:
There are three reasons why Canada is one of the best countries in the world. First, Canada has an excellent health care system. All Canadians have access to medical services at a reasonable price. Second, Canada has a high standard of education. Students are taught by well-trained teachers and are encouraged to continue studying at university. Finally, Canada's cities are clean and efficiently managed. Canadian cities have many parks and lots of space for people to live. As a result, Canada is a desirable place to live
__________________
خدايا
من در كلبه فقيرانه خويش چيزي دارم كه تو در عرش كبريايي خود نداري
من چون تويي دارم وتو چون خودي نداري
پاسخ با نقل قول

  #3  
قدیمی 23/01/2011
آواتار nasrin1368
nasrin1368 nasrin1368 آفلاین است
مدیر ارشد بازنشسته تالار پزشکی و سلامت

مدیر ارشد ماه مدیر ارشد ماه 

 

نام: nasrin
جنسيت: زن
شغل: مترجم
محل سکونت: تهران
مدرک تحصيلی: کارشناسی ارشد مترجمی زبان ا
پست: 3,331
سپاس: 1,415
از این کاربر 1,287 بار در 1,041 پست سپاسگزاری شده
اعتراض ها: 1
به این کاربر 2 بار در 2 پست اعتراض شده
چوب: 123,222
What is the closing sentence?
The closing sentence is the last sentence in a paragraph.

What does it do?
It restates the main idea of your paragraph.
How do I write one?
Restate the main idea of the paragraph using different words.
Example:
There are three reasons why Canada is one of the best countries in the world. First, Canada has an excellent health care system. All Canadians have access to medical services at a reasonable price. Second, Canada has a high standard of education. Students are taught by well-trained teachers and are encouraged to continue studying at university. Finally, Canada's cities are clean and efficiently managed. Canadian cities have many parks and lots of space for people to live. As a result, Canada is a desirable place to live
__________________
خدايا
من در كلبه فقيرانه خويش چيزي دارم كه تو در عرش كبريايي خود نداري
من چون تويي دارم وتو چون خودي نداري
پاسخ با نقل قول

  #4  
قدیمی 23/01/2011
آواتار nasrin1368
nasrin1368 nasrin1368 آفلاین است
مدیر ارشد بازنشسته تالار پزشکی و سلامت

مدیر ارشد ماه مدیر ارشد ماه 

 

نام: nasrin
جنسيت: زن
شغل: مترجم
محل سکونت: تهران
مدرک تحصيلی: کارشناسی ارشد مترجمی زبان ا
پست: 3,331
سپاس: 1,415
از این کاربر 1,287 بار در 1,041 پست سپاسگزاری شده
اعتراض ها: 1
به این کاربر 2 بار در 2 پست اعتراض شده
چوب: 123,222
Prewriting Paragraphs



What is the prewriting stage? v

The prewriting stage is when you think carefully and organize your ideas for your paragraph before you begin writing.
Six Prewriting Steps:
1. Think carefully about what you are going to write. Ask yourself: What question am I going to answer in this paragraph or essay? How can I best answer this question? What is the most important part of my answer? How can I make an introductory sentence (or thesis statement) from the most important part of my answer? What facts or ideas can I use to support my introductory sentence? How can I make this paragraph or essay interesting? Do I need more facts on this topic? Where can I find more facts on this topic?
2. Open your notebook. Write out your answers to the above questions. You do not need to spend a lot of time doing this; just write enough to help you remember why and how you are going to write your paragraph or essay.
3. Collect facts related to your paragraph or essay topic. Look for and write down facts that will help you to answer your question. Timesaving hint: make sure the facts you are writing are related to the exact question you are going to answer in your paragraph or essay.
4. Write down your own ideas. Ask yourself: What else do I want to say about this topic? Why should people be interested in this topic? Why is this topic important?
5. Find the main idea of your paragraph or essay. Choose the most important point you are going to present. If you cannot decide which point is the most important, just choose one point and stick to it throughout your paragraph or essay. 6. Organize your facts and ideas in a way that develops your main idea. Once you have chosen the most important point of your paragraph or essay, you must find the best way to tell your reader about it. Look at the facts you have written. Look at your own ideas on the topic. Decide which facts and ideas will best support the main idea of your paragraph. Once you have chosen the facts and ideas you plan to use, ask yourself which order to put them in the paragraph. Write down your own note set that you can use to guide yourself as you write your paragraph or essay
__________________
خدايا
من در كلبه فقيرانه خويش چيزي دارم كه تو در عرش كبريايي خود نداري
من چون تويي دارم وتو چون خودي نداري
پاسخ با نقل قول

  #5  
قدیمی 23/01/2011
آواتار nasrin1368
nasrin1368 nasrin1368 آفلاین است
مدیر ارشد بازنشسته تالار پزشکی و سلامت

مدیر ارشد ماه مدیر ارشد ماه 

 

نام: nasrin
جنسيت: زن
شغل: مترجم
محل سکونت: تهران
مدرک تحصيلی: کارشناسی ارشد مترجمی زبان ا
پست: 3,331
سپاس: 1,415
از این کاربر 1,287 بار در 1,041 پست سپاسگزاری شده
اعتراض ها: 1
به این کاربر 2 بار در 2 پست اعتراض شده
چوب: 123,222
Writing Paragraphs



What is the writing stage?
The writing stage is when you turn your ideas into sentences.

Five Writing Steps: 1. Open your notebook and word processor.
2. Write the topic sentence, supporting sentences, and closing sentence.
3. Write clear and simple sentences to express your meaning.
4. Focus on the main idea of your paragraph.
5. Use the dictionary to help you find additional words to express your ideas
__________________
خدايا
من در كلبه فقيرانه خويش چيزي دارم كه تو در عرش كبريايي خود نداري
من چون تويي دارم وتو چون خودي نداري
پاسخ با نقل قول

  #6  
قدیمی 23/01/2011
آواتار nasrin1368
nasrin1368 nasrin1368 آفلاین است
مدیر ارشد بازنشسته تالار پزشکی و سلامت

مدیر ارشد ماه مدیر ارشد ماه 

 

نام: nasrin
جنسيت: زن
شغل: مترجم
محل سکونت: تهران
مدرک تحصيلی: کارشناسی ارشد مترجمی زبان ا
پست: 3,331
سپاس: 1,415
از این کاربر 1,287 بار در 1,041 پست سپاسگزاری شده
اعتراض ها: 1
به این کاربر 2 بار در 2 پست اعتراض شده
چوب: 123,222
Editing Paragraphs



What is the editing stage?
The editing stage is when you check your paragraph for mistakes and correct them.

Grammar and Spelling
1. Check your spelling.
2. Check your grammar.
3. Read your essay again.
4. Make sure each sentence has a subject.
5. See if your subjects and verbs agree with each other.
6. Check the verb tenses of each sentence.
7. Make sure that each sentence makes sense.

Style and Organization 1. Make sure your paragraph has a topic sentence.
2. Make sure your supporting sentences focus on the main idea.
3. Make sure you have a closing sentence.
4. Check that all your sentences focus on the main idea.
5. See if your paragraph is interesting
__________________
خدايا
من در كلبه فقيرانه خويش چيزي دارم كه تو در عرش كبريايي خود نداري
من چون تويي دارم وتو چون خودي نداري
پاسخ با نقل قول

  #7  
قدیمی 23/01/2011
آواتار nasrin1368
nasrin1368 nasrin1368 آفلاین است
مدیر ارشد بازنشسته تالار پزشکی و سلامت

مدیر ارشد ماه مدیر ارشد ماه 

 

نام: nasrin
جنسيت: زن
شغل: مترجم
محل سکونت: تهران
مدرک تحصيلی: کارشناسی ارشد مترجمی زبان ا
پست: 3,331
سپاس: 1,415
از این کاربر 1,287 بار در 1,041 پست سپاسگزاری شده
اعتراض ها: 1
به این کاربر 2 بار در 2 پست اعتراض شده
چوب: 123,222
Publishing Paragraphs



What is the publishing stage?
The publishing stage is when you produce a final copy of your paragraph to hand in.

Three Publishing Steps: 1. Make a paper copy of your paragraph.
2. Show your work to your teacher, tutor, or parents.
3. Ask them for hints on how to improve your writing.
__________________
خدايا
من در كلبه فقيرانه خويش چيزي دارم كه تو در عرش كبريايي خود نداري
من چون تويي دارم وتو چون خودي نداري
پاسخ با نقل قول

  #8  
قدیمی 23/01/2011
آواتار nasrin1368
nasrin1368 nasrin1368 آفلاین است
مدیر ارشد بازنشسته تالار پزشکی و سلامت

مدیر ارشد ماه مدیر ارشد ماه 

 

نام: nasrin
جنسيت: زن
شغل: مترجم
محل سکونت: تهران
مدرک تحصيلی: کارشناسی ارشد مترجمی زبان ا
پست: 3,331
سپاس: 1,415
از این کاربر 1,287 بار در 1,041 پست سپاسگزاری شده
اعتراض ها: 1
به این کاربر 2 بار در 2 پست اعتراض شده
چوب: 123,222
A classic format for compositions is the five-paragraph essay. It is not the only format for writing an essay, of course, but it is a useful model for you to keep in mind, especially as you begin to develop your composition skills. The following material is adapted from a handout prepared by Harry Livermore for his high school English classes at Cook High School in Adel, Georgia. It is used here with his permission.

Introduction:

Introductory Paragraph

See, first, (فقط كاربران عضو مجاز به دیدن لینک ها هستند) for different ways of getting your reader involved in your essay. The introductory paragraph should also include the thesis statement, a kind of mini-outline for the paper: it tells the reader what the essay is about. The last sentence of this paragraph must also contain a transitional "hook" which moves the reader to the first paragraph of the body of the paper.
Body:

Body — First paragraph:

The first paragraph of the body should contain the strongest argument, most significant example, cleverest illustration, or an obvious beginning point. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the "reverse hook" which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the introductory paragraph. The topic for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional hook to tie into the second paragraph of the body.
Body — Second paragraph:

The second paragraph of the body should contain the second strongest argument, second most significant example, second cleverest illustration, or an obvious follow up the first paragraph in the body. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the reverse hook which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the first paragraph of the body. The topic for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional hook to tie into the third paragraph of the body.
Body — Third paragraph:

The third paragraph of the body should contain the weakest argument, weakest example, weakest illustration, or an obvious follow up to the second paragraph in the body. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the reverse hook which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the second paragraph. The topic for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional concluding hook that signals the reader that this is the final major point being made in this paper. This hook also leads into the last, or concluding, paragraph.
Conclusion:

Concluding paragraph:

This paragraph should include the following:
  1. an allusion to the pattern used in the introductory paragraph,
  2. a restatement of the thesis statement, using some of the original language or language that "echoes" the original language. (The restatement, however, must not be a duplicate thesis statement.)
  3. a summary of the three main points from the body of the paper.
  4. a final statement that gives the reader signals that the discussion has come to an end. (This final statement may be a "call to action" in an persuasive paper.)
A Sample Paper

1Stephen King, creator of such stories as Carrie and Pet Sematary, stated that the Edgar Allan Poe stories he read as a child gave him the inspiration and instruction he needed to become the writer that he is. 2Poe, as does Stephen King, fills the reader's imagination with the images that he wishes the reader to see, hear, and feel. 3His use of vivid, concrete visual imagery to present both static and dynamic settings and to describe people is part of his technique. 4Poe's short story "The Tell-Tale Heart" is a story about a young man who kills an old man who cares for him, dismembers the corpse, then goes mad when he thinks he hears the old man's heart beating beneath the floor boards under his feet as he sits and discusses the old man's absence with the police. 5In "The Tell-Tale Heart," a careful reader can observe Poe's skillful manipulation of the senses. The introductory paragraph includes a paraphrase of something said by a famous person in order to get the reader's attention. The second sentence leads up to the thesis statement which is the third sentence. The thesis statement (sentence 3) presents topic of the paper to the reader and provides a mini- outline. The topic is Poe's use of visual imagery. The mini- outline tells the reader that this paper will present Poe's use of imagery in three places in his writing: (1) description of static setting; (2) description of dynamic setting; and (3) description of a person. The last sentence of the paragraph uses the words "manipulation" and "senses" as transitional hooks. 1The sense of sight, the primary sense, is particularly susceptible to manipulation. 2In "The Tell-Tale Heart," Poe uses the following image to describe a static scene: "His room was as black as pitch with the thick darkness . . ." Poe used the words "black," "pitch," and "thick darkness" not only to show the reader the condition of the old man's room, but also to make the reader feel the darkness." 3"Thick" is a word that is not usually associated with color (darkness), yet in using it, Poe stimulates the reader's sense of feeling as well as his sense of sight. In the first sentence of the second paragraph (first paragraph of the body) the words "sense" and "manipulation" are used to hook into the end of the introductory paragraph. The first part of the second sentence provides the topic for this paragraph--imagery in a static scene. Then a quotation from "The Tell-Tale Heart" is presented and briefly discussed. The last sentence of this paragraph uses the expressions "sense of feeling" and "sense of sight" as hooks for leading into the third paragraph. 1Further on in the story, Poe uses a couple of words that cross not only the sense of sight but also the sense of feeling to describe a dynamic scene. 2The youth in the story has been standing in the open doorway of the old man's room for a long time, waiting for just the right moment to reveal himself to the old man in order to frighten him. 3Poe writes: "So I opened it [the lantern opening]--you cannot imagine how stealthily, stealthily--until, at length, a single dim ray, like the thread of the spider, shot from out the crevice and fell full upon the vulture eye." 4By using the metaphor of the thread of the spider (which we all know is a creepy creature) and the word "shot," Poe almost makes the reader gasp, as surely did the old man whose one blind eye the young man describes as "the vulture eye." The first sentence of the third paragraph (second paragraph of the body) uses the words "sense of sight" and "sense of feeling" to hook back into the previous paragraph. Note that in the second paragraph "feeling" came first, and in this paragraph "sight" comes first. The first sentence also includes the topic for this paragraph--imagery in a dynamic scene. Again, a quotation is taken from the story, and it is briefly discussed. The last sentence uses the words "one blind eye" which was in the quotation. This expression provides the transitional hook for the last paragraph in the body of the paper. 1The reader does not know much about what the old man in this story looks like except that he has one blind eye. 2In the second paragraph of "The Tell-Tale Heart," Poe establishes the young man's obsession with that blind eye when he writes: "He had the eye of the vulture--a pale blue eye, with a film over it." 3This "vulture eye" is evoked over and over again in the story until the reader becomes as obsessed with it as does the young man. 4His use of the vivid, concrete word "vulture" establishes a specific image in the mind of the reader that is inescapable. In the first sentence of the fourth paragraph (third paragraph in the body), "one blind eye" is used that hooks into the previous paragraph. This first sentence also lets the reader know that this paragraph will deal with descriptions of people: ". . . what the old man looks like . . .." Once again Poe is quoted and discussed. The last sentence uses the word "image" which hooks into the last paragraph. (It is less important that this paragraph has a hook since the last paragraph is going to include a summary of the body of the paper.) 1"Thick darkness," "thread of the spider," and "vulture eye" are three images that Poe used in "The Tell-Tale Heart" to stimulate a reader's senses. 2Poe wanted the reader to see and feel real life. 3He used concrete imagery rather than vague abstract words to describe settings and people. 4If Edgar Allan Poe was one of Stephen King's teachers, then readers of King owe a debt of gratitude to that nineteenth-century creator of horror stories. The first sentence of the concluding paragraph uses the principal words from the quotations from each paragraph of the body of the paper. This summarizes those three paragraph. The second and third sentences provide observations which can also be considered a summary, not only of the content of the paper, but also offers personal opinion which was logically drawn as the result of this study. The last sentence returns to the Edgar Allan Poe-Stephen King relationship which began this paper. This sentence also provides a "wrap-up" and gives the paper a sense of finality.
__________________
خدايا
من در كلبه فقيرانه خويش چيزي دارم كه تو در عرش كبريايي خود نداري
من چون تويي دارم وتو چون خودي نداري
پاسخ با نقل قول
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